Menstrual Dysfunction and Hyperandrogenism Linked to Competitive Adolescent Swimmers
The intense training programs found in elite youth athletics today prior to and during puberty may have a significant effect delayed menstruation, menstrual irregularities, and sexual maturation of female athletes. Menstrual conditions may be influenced by the intensity and volume present in particular sports training programs, as well as already existing genetic factors. Current research is finding more and more that menstrual dysfunction and amenorrhea are becoming more problematic among elite female athletes today.
New research in the Journal of Fertility and Sterility, assessed eighteen elite swimmers in an intensive swimming program. Researchers reviewed clinical hormonal and pubertal development, and found a significant percentage of swimmers' had hyperandrogenism and oligomenorrhea, which is usually associated with polycystic ovary syndrome.