Movement Medicine: Breaking Down the Turkish Get Up
Kettlebells, CrossFit, Sport Psychology
“Everyone loves the Turkish get up. Except me. But they are so darn good for me I do them anyway. I do 20 per week usually with my snatch weight bell but sometimes just with a shoe… the Turkish get up is the cod liver oil of exercise lifts.”Gary Music, StrongFirst Team Leader
He’s right. The Turkish get up (TGU) is good for you, but it also leads to frequent expressions of disgust. This article will outline the benefits for TGUs, provide progressive steps and tips for performance, and suggest basic programming in attempts to motivate you to incorporate this movement into your weekly training routine.
Benefits of the TGU
Andrew Read has already described the benefits of the TGU in great detail, but sometimes we need a reminder of why certain things are good for us, especially if they taste a little sharp. Some of the distaste associated with training the TGU may be that it seems too complicated and the investment to learn the exercise outweighs the obvious rewards. The TGU may not be as trendy as dynamic barbell movements, but I can assure you that its benefits are definitely worth your time.
Here is why you should care about the TGU:
- Shoulder stability and mobility: The TGU is preventative medicine for your upper body. Holding a kettlebell overhead builds stability and mobility for your shoulders. Additionally, heavy TGUs will lead to pleasant surprises in your pressing strength.
- Thoracic extension and rotation: We do a number of exercises in the horizontal and vertical planes, but not many that call for rotation. The TGU builds rotational strength and patterning that is helpful for athletes.
- Linking motor patterns: The TGU builds bodily awareness and trains patterns that translate across athletic endeavors. This type of patterning is not available from bilateral exercises alone. Brandon Hetzler describes how the TGU mimics many of our developmental movement patterns such as rolling and crawling. Hetzler and other noted rehabilitation specialists, such as Gray Cook and Brett Jones, use the TGU to rebuild proper movement patterns.
- Functionality: Getting off the ground is arguably the most functional of exercises.
How to Perform the TGU Step 1: One-arm Press
- From the fetal position, roll onto your back and press the kettlebell up with your right arm.
- Keep your free hand over the right hand for extra stability.
- Your right knee is bent and your left leg is flat on the ground at a 45-degree angle from your body.
- Your left arm is positioned on the ground at a 45-degree angle from your body.
Note: The 45-degree angle is a starting point and will vary depending on your torso and arm length.
- Lock your eyes on the kettlebell and keep them there for the next few steps.
How to Perform the TGU Step 2: To the Elbow
This step is often the most difficult because many people mistakenly just try to do a sit up. Keeping your torso as stiff as possible and your shoulders back and down, exert force into your right leg and left elbow to extend your right arm to the ceiling and rotate yourself up. This step is like throwing a punch. When you throw a punch, you don’t move your shoulder first and then rotate your body. Rather, your whole body rotates to extend the arm.
How to Perform the TGU Step 3: To the Palm
This step is relatively easy. Keep your shoulders down and back, and imagine a straight line from the kettlebell (right hand) to the ground (your left hand). You want that line to be as solid as possible.
How to Perform the TGU Step 4: Low Sweep or High Bridge
Mark Cheng introduced the high bridge to the TGU as a tool to open up the hips so the left leg can sweep through. When you are in the high bridge position, your body will form a tripod with the sweep leg and left arm, and the right foot will be directly below the kettlebell.
How to Perform the TGU Step 5: To the Knee
Next, sit your hips back to bring yourself into a kneeling position. Your left leg will be at a 90-degree angle to your right leg. Pivot your left leg around like a windshield wiper so it is aligned with your front leg. Your gaze will now shift to the horizon instead of the kettlebell.
How to Perform the TGU Step 6: Lunge Up
The lunge seems like a simple step, but treat it just like a squat in that you don’t want your knee to travel past the toes or track inward.
How to Perform the TGU: The Way Down
So much effort is spent figuring out how to get up that understanding how to get back down is often an afterthought. Here are important tips to make getting down easier.
- Control the descent. It’s not a race to the finish, so remain as tight and organized as you were on the way up.
- People often forget which leg initiates the decent. Use your free hand as a guide to tap the leg that will go back.
- From the knee, remember to “windshield wiper” the back leg 90-degrees. Rather than falling and finding the ground with your hand, this position allows you to hinge you hips back and use your hand to gently find the ground.
How to Perform the TGU: Programming
One of my favorite programs for the TGU is Pavel Tsatsouline’s Simple and Sinister program. When I have used the program in the past, my deadlift and press have gotten stronger. My friend, a former Navy Seal, uses the Simple and Sinister program before hunting season so he is conditioned to spend days tracking elk across the mountains.
Here is the protocol:
- 5 Minutes: 20 swings per minute
- 1 minute rest
- 10 Minutes: 1 Turkish get up per minute (alternate sides each minute)
You Don't Have to Like TGUs for Them to Work
Spend time watching the videos to build your proficiency at the TGU. You might still dislike the movement, but as with most things that are difficult, it’s worth the effort. You’ll be surprised at how much stronger and more durable your shoulders feel, even if you do the exercise without weights. Ten TGUs a day, four times a week is optimal, but your recommended dosage will vary on your needs. Make sure you get in your weekly dosage of get-ups and over time, your face might not scrunch up in disgust.
More Kettlebell Movements to Cure What Ails You:
- 5 Kettlebell Drills to Add Real Function to Your Fitness
- Don't Let Mobility Stand in the Way of Your Gains
- Joint Safe Strength and Conditioning With Kettlebells
- New on Breaking Muscle Today
Teaser photo courtesy of Craig Marker.