Using Calcium and Vitamin D to Prevent Stress Fractures
Calcium and Vitamin D are two widely available and popular nutritional supplements used for bone health. A wide array of peer reviewed research has demonstrated that the use of Calcium and Vitamin D can improve bone density. However, little to no research to date has examined the use Calcium and Vitamin D in bone development and prevention of bone overuse injuries and stress fractures in athletes ages 18 to 35 years.
A randomized trial was conducted with a group of female military recruits and found that Calcium and Vitamin D supplementation did reduce the incidence of stress fractures. Another study examined young female runners and found that Calcium and Vitamin D intake did reduce incidence of stress fractures and increased bone mineral density measures. Athletes in these studies were ingesting on average more than 1500 mg of Calcium per day, and reporting much less stress fracture injuries.