EXAMPLES. What will 47 yds. of cloth come to at 17s. Id. per yd. ? £. d. 0 17 9 price of 1 yard. Multiply by 5 1 15 6 price of 2 yards. S. per cwt. 137 QUESTIONS. ANSWERS, £. d. d. 23 ells of linen, at 0 3 6} per ell. 4 15 17 ells of dowlas, at 0 1 6į per ell. 1 6 22 39 cwt. of sugar, at 3 10 6 9 6 52 yds. of cloth, at 0 5 9 per yd. 14 19 0 19 lbs. of indigo, at 0 11 6 per Ib. 10 18 6 29 yds. of cambric, at 0 13 7 per yd. 19 13 11 111 yds. broadcloth, at 1 2 6 per yd. 124 17 6 94 beaver hats, at 1 9 4 a piece. 137 17 4 4. To find the value of a hundred weight, by having the price of one pound. If the price be farthings, multiply 2s. 4d. by the farthings in the price of one lb. Or, if the price be pence, multiply Gs. 4d. by the pence in the price of one lb. and in either case the product will be the answer. EXAMPLES. 1. What will 1 cwt. of rice come to, at 2 d. per lb. ? d. 112 farthings=2 4 price of 1 cwt. atd. per lb. 9 farthings in the price of 1 lb. Ans. £l 1 U price of I cwt. at 2 d. per lb. 1 3. What will I cwt. of lead come to at 70. per 1b. ? S. d. 7 Ans. £3 5 4 Answers. at 2 d. per Ib. = £1 3 4 1 ditto, at 2 d. 1 5 8 I ditto, at 3d. 1 8 0 1 ditto, at 2d. ( 18 8 1 ditto, at 3 d. 1 12 8 Examples of Weights, Measures, &c. 1. How much is 5 times 7 cwt. 3 qrs. 15 lb. ? Cwt. qrs. 5 1b cds. ft. cds. ft. 10. Multiply 3 87 by 8 2356 9 cwi. Practical Questions in WEIGHTS AND MEASURES. 1. What is the weight of 7 lihds. of sugar, each weighng 3 Ans. 69 cwt. 2. What is the weight of 6 chests of tea, each weighing 3 cwt. 2 qrs. S lb. ? Ans. 21 cwt. 1 qr. 26 lb. 3. How much brandy in 9 casks, each containing 41 gals. 3 qts. I pi. ! Ans. 376 gals. 3 qts. I pt. 4. In 35 pieces of cloth, each measuring 277 yards, how many yards? Ans. 971 yds. 1 qr. 5. In 9 fields, each containing 14 acres, 1 rood, and 25 how many acres ? Ans. 129 a. 2 qrs. 25 rods. 6. In 6 parcels of wood, each containing 5 cords and 96 feet, how many cords? Ans. 341 cords. 7. A gentleman is possessed of 1 dozen of silver spoons, each weighing 2 oz. 15 pwt. 11 grs. 2 dozen of tea-spoons, each weighing 10 pwt. 14 grs. and 2 silver tankards, each 21 oz. 15 pwt. Pray what is the weight of the whole ? Ans. 8 lb. 10 oz. 2 put. 6 grs. poles, a. COMPOUND DIVISION, TEACHES to find how often one number is contained in another of different denominations. DIVISION OF FEDERAL MONEY. Any sum in Federal Money may be divided as whole number; for, if dollars and cents be written down as a simple number, the whole will be cents ; and if the sun consists of dollars only, annex two ciphers to the dollars, and the whole will be cents ; hence the following GENERAL RULE.-Write down the given sum in cents, and divide es in whole numbers ; the quotient will be the answer in cents. Note. If the cents in the given sum are less than 10, you must always place a cipher on their left, or in the len's piace of the sente Icfore you write them down. EXAMPLES. 1. Divide 35 dollars 68 cents, by 41, 41)3568(87 the quotient in cents ; and when theri 328 is any considerable remainder, you may annex a cipher to it, if you please, and 288 divide it again, and you will have the 287 mills, &c. Rem. 1 2. Divide 21 dollars, 5 cents, by 14. 14)2105(150 cents=1 dol. 50 cts. but to bring cents 14 into dollars, you need only point off two figures to the right hand for cents, anil 70 the rest will be dollars, &c. 70 5 3. Divide 4 dols. 9 cts. or 409 cts. by 6. Ans. 68 cts. + 4. Divide 9 dols. 24 cts. by 12. Ans. 77 cts. 5. Divide 97 dols. 43 cts. by 85. Ans. $1 14 cts. Om. 6. Divide 248 dols. 54 cts. by 125. Ans. 198 cts. 8m.=$1 98 cts. 8m. 7. Divide 24 dols. 65 cts. by 248. Ans. 9 cts. Ina. 9. Divide 10 dols. or 1000 cts. by 25. Ans. 40 cts. 9. Divide 125 dols. by 500, Ans. 25 cts. 10. Divide 1 dollar into 33 equal parts. Ans. 3 cts. + PRACTICAL QUESTIONS. 1. Bought 25 lb. of coffee for 5 dollars ; who is that a pound? Ans. 20 cts, 2. If 131 yards of Irish linen cost 49 dols. 78 cts. wha.? s that per yard ? Ans. 38 cts. 3. If a cwt. of sugar cost 8 dols. 96 cts. what is that pel pound? Ans. 8 cts. 4. If 140 reams of paper cost 329 dols. what is that Ans. $2 35 cts. 5. If a reckoning of 25 dols. 41 cts. be paid equally amon:} 14 persons, what do they pay apiece? Ans. $1 81ịcts. 6. If a man's wages are 235 dols. 80 cts. a year, what is ibat a calendar month? Ans. $19 65 cts. per ream? 7. The salary of the President of the United States, is lwenty-five thousand dollars a year; what is that a day? Ans. $68 49 cts. To divide the denominations of Sterling Money Weights, Measures, f'c. Rule.-Begin with the highest denomination as in simple divisions ; and if any thing remains, îind how many of the next lower denomination this remainder is equal to ; which add to the next denomination : then divide again, carrying the remainder, if any, as before ; und so on till the whole is finished. Proof. The same as in simple Division. EXAMPLES. £ s. £ s. d. Divide 97 3 11 2 by 5 8)27 18 6 d. gr. s. 22 17 Quo't. £19 8 9 2 £3 993 £ d. £ d. 3. Divide 31 11 6 by 2 Ans. 15 15 9 4. Divide 3 9 by 3 7 7 11 5. Divide 70 10 4 by 4 12 7 6. Divide 56 11 5 by 5 11 6 3: 7. Divide 61 14 8 by 6 10 5 91 8. Divide 24 15 6 by 7 3 10 9. Divide 185 17 6 by 8 23 4 11). Divide 182 16 8 by 9 20 6 11. Divide 16 1 12 1.2. Divide 1 19 8 by 11 0 3 13. Divide 6 6 6 by 12 0 14. Divide 2 6 by 9 0 2 6 15. Divide 948 11 6 by 12 79 0 111 2. When the divisor exceeds 12, and is the product of two or more numbers in the table multiplied together. RULE.—Divide by one of those numbers first, and the quotient by we other, and the last quotient will be the answer. EXAMPLES. £ S. d. £ s. d. 1. Divide 29 15 O by 21 Ans. 1 8 4 2. Divide 27 16 O by 32 0 17 41 1 10 8 3. Divide 67 94 by 44 10 61 |